Most homes should be equipped with sump pumps in Linthicum Heights MD . A sump pump is an essential component of any basement waterproofing system, since it protects your basement from flooding even if water does get in. This is especially important if you have a finished basement that you use as a family room or guest room, since water damage will require costly repairs. To learn how sump pumps works, read below.
The Sump Pit
All sump pump designs requires a sump pit to be dug beneath your house. The pit should extend about two feet below the lowest point of the basement floor. During heavy rains, the sump pit will begin to fill with water before any other part of the house. Even if you have a mostly waterproof basement, sudden increases in the volume of groundwater can threaten it from below, which is why it is important to have the sump pit sit below ground.
Sump Pump Activation
The sump pump will activate when the water in the sump pit rises past a certain level. Some types of sump pump are equipped with a sensor, which will activate the pump when a certain volume of water is creating a certain level of pressure against it. Other types have a float activator arm, much like the ballcock mechanism in your toilet. An air-filled ball attached to the arm floats on top of the water, and when the water reaches a certain height the angle of the arm will trigger the pump.
Submersible vs. Pedestal Pumps
There are two basic designs for sump pumps. Submersible pumps, as the name suggests, sit directly inside the pit. They have a waterproof casing with a grate at the bottom to keep debris from clogging the mechanism and an outlet pipe near the top. Pedestal pumps sit above the level of the sump pit, with an inlet pipe extending down to siphon water off. Pedestal pumps are noisier than submersible pumps, but they are also less expensive. Both types require routine sump pump maintenance from a professional at least once a year to make sure they are working properly.
If have had a flood recently due to inadequate basement waterproofing, you should contact a professional who offers mold removal near Baltimore as soon as possible. When you clean out the basement or crawlspace yourself, it is almost impossible to completely remove all mold as thoroughly as a mold remediation professional can.
Certain types of molds can pose extreme health hazards, beyond the usual respiratory problems and allergies that regular mold can cause. Mold removal is especially important if you have black mold growing in any areas of your basement or crawl space. Watch this video to learn about the dangers of black mold, and you will understand the importance of prompt black mold removal.
If your home’s basement or crawlspace waterproofing is not up to date, you will probably have to deal with a flooded basement in Linthicum Heights at some point. Although prevention is of course preferable to damage control, there are still steps you can take to avoid health hazards and structural damage to your home after flooding occurs. The three steps below are essential when coping with flooding in your basement.
Homes that are not equipped with sump pumps can flood, and once the water gets into your basement or crawlspace, it can be difficult to remove. Several days after the flood, when there is no longer a visible layer of water, the walls and flooring will still be very damp. Because of poor ventilation, it is virtually impossible to remove all the moisture without a professional-grade basement or crawl space dehumidifier. Even if your basement hasn’t flooded yet, it’s a good idea to invest in a smaller dehumidifier to protect it from condensation.
Mold can begin to grow just a few days after water gets into your basement. After a flood, you should call a mold removal professional as soon as possible to check to see if this fungus has begun to spread anywhere in your basement. Once a mold colony has sprung up, it can be very difficult to remove. Though not every species of mold is toxic, many release spores than aggravate allergies and cause other respiratory problems.
Any carpet, furniture, or cardboard boxes that got wet during the flooding should be examined by a water damage restoration professional. Unfortunately, you may have to throw many of these items out, especially if the flood resulted from a backed up sewer or storm drain. You should also have your foundation inspected, as flooding can cause structural damage that can compromise the integrity of your home. After you have recovered from the flood, install a sump pump and talk with a professional about other basement waterproofing strategies to prevent it from happening again.
If your Baltimore basement has not been waterproofed, you should certainly expect to face expensive repairs at some point in the future. When mildew grows in your basement and the wood or drywall begins to rot, you may need to schedule mold remediation treatments or even foundation repairs.
The most cost-effective solution is to prevent these problems before they occur by waterproofing your basement. Professional services such as those we offer at Storm Waterproofing LLC can help keep water out of your basement, prevent water that does get in from doing extensive damage, and make sure that the basement drains instead of flooding during the most intense rains.
We offer complete external waterproofing, including trench digging and French drain installation, sump pump installation, crawl space encapsulation, and internal basement waterproofing. This range of important services helps prevent foundation damage and avoid the conditions that lead to wood rot and mold and mildew growth in your basement.